The Quran is the primary source of law in Islam and is the final and highest authority for Muslims in all matters. It is the fundamental source of the commandments of Islam and is a book of complete guidance. It offers a comprehensive code of life covering all dimensions of human life and contains laws and regulations regarding family life, business dealings, trade ethics, marriage and divorce, haram and halal acts, crime and punishment, war and peace, rights of kith and kin, matters of personal hygiene, government, etc.
The following are some of commandments of Islam derived from the Holy Qur’an:
♦ Religious commandments
The first commandment of Islam is regarding the belief in the oneness of Allah (Tawheed) and forbiddance of associating partners with him (Shirk). Since Allah is the Creator and Sustainer of universe and all that it contains, it is mankind’s obligation and duty to obey and worship Allah alone.
# “Surely Allah does not forgive that anything should be associated with Him, and He forgives what is besides this to whom He pleases; and whoever associates anything with Allah, he indeed strays off into a remote error.” (4:116)
The commandment regarding Tawheed is followed by the other pillars of Islam, namely prayers, fasting during Ramadan, paying zakat (charity) to the poor and going for Hajj pilgrimage.
# “And establish prayer and give zakah and bow with those who bow [in worship and obedience].” (2:43)
# “And [due] to Allah from the people is a pilgrimage to the House – for whoever is able to find thereto a way.” (3:97)
#“O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious)” (2:183)
♦ Economic commandments
Islam strictly forbids accumulation of wealth by unfair means such as usury, theft, deception, embezzlement, usurpation of other person’s property, etc.
# “O you who believe! Do not devour property among yourselves falsely, except that it be trading by your mutual consent; and do not kill your people; surely Allah is Merciful to you.” (4:29)
# “Allah has permitted trade and has forbidden interest.” (2:275)
# “And give full measure when you measure, and weigh with an even balance. That is the best [way] and best in result.” (17:35)
♦ Moral commandments
The moral commandments of Islam cover a wide range of conduct on personal and social levels. Islam commands justice and equality and forbids all types of oppression and transgression against others. A great deal of stress is laid on helping those in need and being humble, kind and generous for sake of Allah.
# “Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good, and to relatives, orphans, the needy, the near neighbor, the neighbor farther away, the companion at your side, the traveler, and those whom your right hands possess. Indeed, Allah does not like those who are self-deluding and boastful.” (4:36)
# “Verily, Allah enjoins justice and al-Ihsaan (good manners) and giving (help) to kith and kin; and forbids all licentious acts, evil, and oppression, He admonishes you, that you may take heed.” (16:90)
# “And turn not your face away from men with pride (or arrogance), nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each arrogant boaster.” (31:18)
# “O you who believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), gambling, al-Ansaab [sacrifices for idols, etc.] and al-Azlaam [arrows for seeking luck or decision] are an abomination of Satan’s handiwork. So avoid (strictly all) that (abomination) in order that you may be successful. Satan wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and from al-salaat (the prayer). So, will you not then abstain?”(5:90-91)
# “And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse. Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way. (17:32)
♦ Social commandments
Islam commands people to cooperate in righteous deeds, and forbids that they cooperate in evil. Muslims are also enjoined to uphold the rights of their parents, children, neighbors, orphans and other people with justice and equity.
# “Help one another in righteousness and piety; and do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Severe in punishment.” (5:2)
# “Verily, those who unjustly devour the property of orphans, they devour only a fire into their bellies, and they will be burnt in the blazing Fire.” (4:10)
# “And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honor.”(17:23)
# “And do not kill your children (abortion, infanticide) for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Indeed, their killing is ever a great sin. (17:31)
# “O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah and be just witnesses and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is nearer to piety, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.” (5:8)
# “And whenever you give your word, say the truth.” [al-An’aam 6:152]
# “Eat and drink, but waste not by extravagance.” [al-A’raaf 7:31]
# “And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance.” [al-Isra’ 17:37]
These are examples of some of the commandments of Islam contained within the pages of Holy Quran. Along with the sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad (collectively called the sunnah of the Prophet), these commandments lay down the foundation of a just and righteous society where all individuals respect the rights of others and fulfill their obligations toward others in general and toward Allah in particular.