The word Democracy comes from the greek demos’ meaning people’ and kratos’ meaning rule. In theory, Democracy lies upon the idea that the rule and mastership belongs to the people, or the masses. This extends to all levels, whether executive and administrative, or legislative. Abraham Lincoln stated that “Democracy is the government of the people, by the people, for the people.” James Madison also stated that in a democracy: “The ultimate authority resides in the people alone.”
This is how the founders and symbols of Democracy in the West have described, and it is not how some of the Muslims may have imagined. It is not simply a system of consultation(shura)’ but rather is established upon a principle of kufr(unbelief) which places the god-head on man, and sets him up as a rival to Allah (glorified and exalted be He).
Allah states in the Qur’an in several verses,
“the command(rule or judgement) is for none but Allah”
In a democracy this sole right of Allaah, of legislation, is given to man, and this is the foundation of democracy, and the actualisation of what they call freedom.’
This is obvious shirk(polytheism) and disbelief in Allaah of which no Muslim can believe in or call to.
Since it is impossible to assure that the ruling of man will always be the same, in theory democracy refers the rule to the majority, in all disagreements. This is completely contradiction to tawheed and Islaam. Allah says in the Qur’an:
And in whatsoever you differ, the decision thereof is with Allah (He is the ruling Judge). (And say O Muhammad SAW to these polytheists:) Such is Allah, my Lord in Whom I put my trust, and to Him I turn in all of my affairs and in repentance. [Surah As-shoora aayah 10]
Harry Emerson Fosdick said: Democracy is based upon the conviction that there are extraordinary possibilities in ordinary people.
This is the reality of democracy and rule of the majority. It sets man to the position of a god and worships him, and trusts in him, and seeks his judgement, with the assumption that this is his right’
But the reality is, this is a right of Allah, the Creator of the Heavens and the Earth, unto Whom all matters are returned. Just as He alone created the universe and dominates it, He alone should be referred to for Judgement and legislation. Allah says:
“His verily is all creation and commandment. ” [Surah Al-3araaf aayah 54]