The prophecy of Ezekiel 38 is one of the most interesting and controversial ones.
The prophecy begins: “And the word of the LORD came to me saying,’Son of man, set your face toward Gog of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him'”(Ezekiel 38: 1-2 NASB). First you must identify who Gog is, or what it represents. Gog is described as being the the prince of Rosh, Meschech and Tubal. In the Bible the word “prince” probably refers to a natural ruler of the area. The three areas the prince rules over are all located within Russia. Rosh and Meshech are traditionally placed in the part of Russia just east of the Black Sea. (Meshech is actually thought to be an old name for the city of Moscow.
Ezekiel continues, “I will turn you about and put hooks into your jaws, and I will bring you out, and all your army, horses and horsemen, all of them splendidly attired, a great company with buckler and shield, all of them wielding swords; Persia, Cush and Put with them, all of them with shield and helmet; Gomer with all its troops; Beth-togarmah from the remote parts of the north with all its troops-many peoples with you.
Persia is a reference to an empire once centered in present-day Iran. In fact, Persia was the name of Iran up until 1935 when it became Iran. Cush is always a reference to the upper Nile region. This is sometimes associated with Ethiopia, but it would be mre accurate to call it Sudan. Put or Phut is usually thought to be Libya. The nations associated with Gomer and Beth-togarmah vary, however, they are normally located in Europe or Asia Minor.
“After many days you will be summoned; in the latter years you will come into the land that is restored from the sword, whose inhabitants have been gathered from many nations to the mountains of Israel which had been a continual waste; but its people were brought out from the nations, and they are living securely, all of them” (Ezekiel 38:8). This alliance comes to attack the nation of Israel with an enormous army of men.
God defends Israel in this battle. “With pestilence and with blood I will enter into judgment with him; and I will rain on him and on his troops, and on the many peoples who are with him, a torrential rain, with hailstones, fire and brimstone (Ezekiel 38:22). However, in this article I have only attempted to analyze the prophecy. The assumptions I have made are not necessarily true.